印度的国鸟是什么(我的印度观鸟初体验)

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所属分类:知识百科

YINDUDEGUONIAOSHISHENME

YINDUDEGUONIAOSHIKONGQUE。QUANSHIJIEGONGYOU3ZHONGKONGQUE,JILANKONGQUE、LVKONGQUEJIGANGGUOKONGQUE。YINDUFENBUDEKONGQUESHUYULANKONGQUE,YOUJIAOYINDUKONGQUE。1963NIAN1YUE,YINDUZHENGFUXUANBUKONGQUEWEI“GUONIAO”,SHIKONGQUESHOUDAOLELAIZIZONGJIAOHEFALVLIANGFANGMIANDEBAOHU,SHENGUIERWEIZUN。

WODEYINDUGUANNIAOCHUTIYAN(SHANG)

CHENGQUNDESUOYUHEHEHUIHECONGTOUDINGFEIGUO,HEIFUSHETIZAIYANGGUANGXIALIANGSHAIZHECHIBANG,XIAOHUOLIENIAOMAIZHEYOUYADEBUZICONGWOMENMIANQIANZOUGUO,SUIRANGUOLEQIANXIJI,HUBOSHIDIZHONGRENGRANKEYIJIANDAOGEZHONGYUDESHENYING。DIYICIJINRUYINDUDENIAOLEISHIJIE,BIANJILEWOYIGEDADADEJINGXI。

DIYICILAIDAOYINDUPAISHENIAO,YOUCUOGUOLEZUIJIAJIJIE,JIASHANGMEIYOUZHUANYENIAODAOPEITONG,BINGMEIYOUBAOTAIGAOQIDAI,SUIYUERAN,BIJINGYIHOUHAIYOUJIHUI。ZUIZHONGJIEGUODAOHAIBUCUO,GUANDAOBAIZHONG,PAISHEDAOJIN90ZHONGNIAO,GERENJIAXIN30ZHONG。DUIYUYONGYOU1,250ZHONGNIAOLEIDEYINDULAISHUO,HAIBUDAOSHIFENZHIYI。

YINDUXIBEIBUDEXIAOKAQIYANZHAOJIQIFUJINSHOUHUOLEBUSHAOSHUINIAO。ZHEILIYOUJIGEZHUMINGDENIAOLEIBAOHUQU,WEIYUGUJILATEBANGJamnagarBANGANHANQUDEKAQIWAN,YOUDANSHUIHUHEXIANDANSHUI/HAISHUISHIDIZUCHENG。ZHEIYIHUNHESHIDIQIAHAOWEIYUHOUNIAOQIANXIDEXIANLUSHANG,WEIZIYILANG、AFUHAN、BAJISITANJIQILINJINQUYUDENIAOERTIGONGLELIANGHAODEQIXITIAOJIAN。

XIAOKAQIYANZHAO,KANSIHUANGWUDETUDI,QUESHIDA、XIAOHONGGUAN,HAIYOUCHIJINGHE(Sarus Crane)、SUOYUHE(Demoiselle Crane)、HUIHE(Common Crane)、QIANZUIGUAN(Asian open bill stork)、CAIGUAN(Painted Stork)DENGDAXINGNIAOLEIDEJIAYUAN。YANZHAOLIDEHUBOJUJILEDAXIAOSHUINIAO,ZAIQIANXIJIJIEKEYIGUANDAOERBAIDUOZHONGNIAOLEI,SHIYINDUZUIZHONGYAODEGUANNIAOSHENGDIZHIYI。ZHEILIHAISHIXIAOHUOLIENIAO(XIAOHONGGUAN)ZAIYINDUDEWEIYIFANZHIDI,TAMENJINFENBUYUFEIZHOUDONGBU、BOSIWANHEYINDUXIBEIBU。

HUOLIENIAOSHIFENBUZUIGUANGDEDAXINGNIAOLEIZHIYI,QIXIYUYANHAIHUOXIANSHUIHUBIANDESHIDI,CHANGJIECHENGSHUSHIZHISHANGBAIZHIDEDAQUNYIQISHENGHUO,YIXIAOXIA、HALI、KUNCHONG、ZAOLEIDENGWEISHI。MISHISHITOUWANGXIAJIN,ZUIDAOZHUAN,JIANGSHIWUSHUNRUKOUZHONG,SHOUMINGKEDA20-25NIAN。ZHIQIANPAIDAOGUODUOCIDAHUOLIENIAO,DANXIAOHUOLIENIAOHAISHIDIYICIJINJULIPAISHE。LIANGZHEDEQUBIECHULETIXINGWAI,XIAOHUOLIENIAODEYUYIGENGJIAFENHONG,HUIBUCHENGSHENHONG。YOUYUSECAIYANLI,FEICHANGXINGMU,HENYUANBIANKEYICONGYIQUNDAHUOLIENIAOZHONGBIANRENCHULAI。

(ZHONGJIANDEBIANSHIXIAOHUOLIENIAO)

HUMIANDAOYINGZHEYIPIANHONGSEDENIAOYING,YOURUWANSHUTAOHUAZAISHUIZHONGPIAOYOU。ZOUJINLE,“HUALALA”SHURANTENGKONG,PAICHENGZHENGQIDEDUIWU,LUOZAIGENGYUANCHUDEHUZHONGYANG。

HUIHEDESHULIANGGENGDUO,WOJINGCHANGZUOZAIJIUDIANHUAYUANLITAITOU,YANGSHITIANKONGZHONGPAILIECHENG“RENZIXING”DEZHUANGGUANDUIWU,TAMENSHISHIJIESHANG15ZHONGHELEIZHONGFENBUZUIGUANGDEWUZHONG。ZUOWEIQIANXINIAOLEI,XIANZAIZHEIGESHIHOUZHENGHAOZAIYINDUXIBEIBUGUODONG,SIYUEZHIHOUBIANYAOFEIHUIBEIBULE。

MEILIDESUOYUHESHIYIGECHUANQI,ZUOWEISHIJIESHANGWEIYIKEYIFEIYUEZHUMULANGMAFENGDENIAOLEI,ZAILAIDAOWENNUANDEYINDUYUEDONGDIZHIQIAN,TAMENDOUYAOJINXINGYICHANG“SHIJIESHANGZUIJIANNANDEQIANXI”,ZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONGMEICIDOUHUISUNSHISIFENZHIYIDETONGBAN。ZHEIZHONGTIXINGZUIXIAODEHE,RONGMAOXIULI,YANHOUDEBAISEERCUYULINGDONGPIAOYI。

CHIJINGHESHIDIYICIJIANDAO,RANERZHEIGESHIJIAN“DABUDUI”DOUWANCHENGLEQIANXI,ZHISHENGXIALIANGZHIGULINGLINGDIZHANZAISHUITIANZHONG。YOUYUJULITAIYUAN,ZHINENGCONGWANGYUANJINGZHONGXINSHANGLE。KEYIKANDAOTAMENHUISEDESHENTI,TIXINGBIDANDINGHEHAIYAODAXIE。XIANYANDEHONGSETOUBUMEIYOUYUMAO,TOUDINGYOUBAIGUAN,HUIYOUJIANYOUZHANG。ZHEILIYEYOUDAXINGDELIUNIAO,BIRUBAITOUHUANGUANYOUJIAOCAIGUAN,HUANGUANSHUDENIAOLEI。SHOUMINGZUIGAOKEDA28NIANYISHANG,WEISHIJIEBINWEIWUZHONGZHIYI,JUSHUOJINSHENGXIAWUQIANDUOZHI。ZHIQIANWOZAISILILANKAHEMALAIXIYADOUPAIDAOGUO,ZHUYAOFENBUZAINANYAHEDONGNANYA,SHUDIANXINGDEDONGYANGJIENIAOLEI。

KAQIWANDEDIERCHUGUANNIAODIANWEIYUGUJILATEBANGDIWUDACHENGSHIJamnagarSHIGONGLIDEKhijadia Bird Sanctuary。ZHEIKUAIBAOHUQUCHANSHENGYUSHANGGESHIJIER、SANSHINIANDAI,DANSHUIHUSHIYINRENGONGJIANZAODEPINGXINGYUKAQIWANNANANDENIDIWEIERCHUXIAN。WEIDIDEZHUYAOMUDESHIBAODANSHUIFANGTURANGYANZI。JINGGUOYIDUANSHIJIANHOUWEIDILANJIELEKalindi HERuparelHESHUIXINGCHENGLIANGKUAIDANSHUISHIDI。XINGCHENGLEDUTEDESHENGTAIHUANJING:YIBIANSHIHAISHUI,YIBIANSHIDANSHUI。DUOYANGXINGDESHENGJINGSHIDEZAIHOUNIAOQIANXIJIJIE,KEYIGUANDAOERBAIDUOZHONGNIAO,BAOKUOYIXIEQUANQIUBINWEINIAOZHONG,BIRUSHAOZUIYU(Eurasian spoonbill)、JUANYUTIHU(Dalmatian pelican)、HEIJINGGUAN( Black-necked stork)、HEITOUBAIHUAN(Black-headed ibis)HEJIANZUIOU(Indian skimmer)DENG。

BIEKANYINDUDECHENGSHIHELVYOUJINGDIANLIRENSHANRENHAI,NIAOLEIDESHIJIEQUEGEWAIANJING,WULUNZOUDAONALI,WOMENDOUSHIWEIYIDEGUAN(PAI)NIAOZHE,DUXIANGZHEIFENQINGJING。JIASHANGDANGDIRENBINGBUJINGRAONIAOLEI,TAMENHERENLEIHEMUXIANGCHU,CONGZHEIGEJIAODUSHANGJIANG,YINDUDEQUESHIFEICHANGLIXIANGDEGUANNIAODI。

YINDUSHUINIAOZUTU:

01. DAHUOLIENIAOGreater-Flamingo

02. XIAOHUOLIENIAOLesser-Flamingo

03.CAIGUANPainted-Stork

04. BAIPILUEurasian-Spoonbill

05. SUOYUHEDemoiselle-Cranek

06. HUIHECommon-Crane

07. QIANZUIGUANAsian-Open-bill-Stork

08. XIYANLUWestern-Reef-Egret

09. PUTONGLUCIGreat-Cormorant

10. YINDULUCIIndian-Cormorant

11. HEITOUBAIHUANBlack-headed-Ibis

12. BANWEICHENGYUBar-tailed Godwit

13. ZISHUIJIPurple Swamp-hen

14. ZEYUMarsh-Sandpiper

15. YINDUCHILUIndian Pond Heron

16. HONGJIAOYUCommon-Redshank

17. HEIWEICHENGYUBlack-tailed-Godwit

18. LIUSUYURuff

19. JIYUSandpiper

20. YINDUBANZUIYAIndian Spot-billed Duck

21. ROUCHUIMAIJIRed-wattled Lapwing

22. FANZUIYUPied-Avocet

23. HEICHIZHANGJIAOYUBlack-winged Stilt

24. CHIMAYARuddy-Shelduck

25. LISHUYALesser-Whistling Duck

26. PIZUIYANorthern-Shoveler

27. PUTONGYANOUCommon-Tern

28. HEIFUSHETIOriental-Darter

29. HEIHUANRed-naped-Ibis

30. ZHENWEIYANorthern-Pintail

31. FENGTOUQIANYATufted-Duck

32. NIUBEILUCattle-Egret

33. SHUIZHIPheasant-tailed Jacana

WODEYINDUGUANNIAOCHUTIYAN(XIA)

YINIAOLEIDESHIJIAOLAIKANYINDU,ZHEIGEDIFANGHAISHIXIANGDANGBUCUODE,CONGCHENGSHIDAOXIANGCUN,NIAOERSUICHUKEJIAN,PAISHEDAODEJINBAIZHONGNIAOZHONGBAOKUOQIZHONGMENGQIN。ZUISHANGJINGDEZIRANSHISHEDIAO,ZAIGUOJIAGONGYUANLIJIHUTIANTIANDOUKEYIYUDAO,BUPAREN,KEYIJINJULIPAISHE。

SHEDIAOCrested Serpent Eagle

YINDULINGJIAOXIAOYEHENDUO,ZHISHIYOUYUTAMENWEIZHUANGXINGQIANG,XUYAOYIDINGYANLICAINENGFAXIAN。

YINDULINGJIAOXIAOCollared Scops-owl

GERENJIAXINJILUDEDUANERXIAOYUDAOGUOLIANGCI,DOUSHIZAIGUANMUCONGDEYINLIANGCHU,ZHEILEIXIAOHENSHAOQIXIZAISHUSHANG,FEIBUGAO。XIANGBIZHIXIA,LINGYIZHONGGERENJIAXIN—LINXIULIUYAOYINBIDEDUO,JIASHANGTIXINGXIAO,BAIRILIJINANFAXIAN。

DUANERXIAOShort-eared-Owl

LINXIULIUJungle-Owlet

CHUJIANHEERYING,ZHENMEIKANCHULAISHIMENGQIN,GETOUBUDA,TIZHANGWEI31-44LIMI,ZHIDAOBIANRENCHUYINGGOUZUI,TAMENDESHIWUWEISHULEI、XIAONIAOJIZHICHIMUKUNCHONG。

HEERYINGShikra

ZHEIXIEMENGQINZHONGZUIZHENGUIDEFEIYINDUWUJIUMOSHU,MIANLINMIEJUEWEIJI,LIERUJIWEIMULU,JINFENBUYUBAJISITANDONGNANBUHEYINDUBANDAO。

YINDUWUJIUIndian-Vulture

HEIYUAN,KEWEIYINDUMENGQINZHONGZUICHANGJIANDE,CHENGSHIHEXIANGCUNSHANGKONGDOUPANXUANZHEZHONGDUOZHEIXIEZHONGXINGMENGQIN,YOUSHIKANTAMENWEILEZHENGQIANGSHIWUSHENZHIHEWUYADADOU,GANJUEHENMEIYOUMENGQINDEFENGDU,ZONGZHI,ZHEISHIYIZHONGYIJINGCHENGSHIHUALEDENIAOER。

HEIYUANBlack-Kite

XIAMIANLVTUZHONGDEZHEIXIECHANGJIANNIAOLEI,GUANGFANFENBU,HEDANGDIRENHEXIEXIANGCHU。

BAIXIONGFEICUIWhite-throated Kingfisher

HONGERBEIRed-whiskered-Bulbul

HEIHOUHONGTUNBEISooty-headed Bulbul

JIAYAHouse Crow

JIABAGECommon-Myna

HECHIYAJUAN Greater Coucal

ZONGFUSHUQUERufous-Treepie

QUEQUOriental Magpie Robin

ZISEHUAMINIAO(CI)Purple Sunbird

ZISEHUAMINIAO(XIONG)Purple Sunbird

CONGLINDONGMEIJungle babbler

BANLIANGNIAOPied-Myna

HUIBANJIUEurasian Collared Dove

ZONGBANJIULaughing-Dove

HONGLINGLVYINGWURose-ringed Parrakeet

LVHOUFENGHULittle Green Bee-eater

HUANGJILINGYellow Wagtail

PUTONGDONGMEICommon Babbler

BAIHOUWENNIAO(Indian-Silverbill)

MOBI Desert Wheatear

HEIHONGWEIQUBlack-Redstart

GUOJIAGONGYUANZHONGPAISHEDEBUFENNIAOLEI:

ZONGXIONGFOFASENGIndian Roller

DAPANWEIGreater Racket-tailed Drongo

CHENGTOUDIDONGOrange-headed-Thrush

YUANJIRed Junglefowl

HUANGGUANZHUOMUNIAOYellow-crowned Woodpecker

HUIZHEGUGrey Francolin

HEIGUANLIANGNIAOBrahminy-Starlin

HUATOUYINGWUPlum-headed Parakeet

XIAOJINBEIZHUOMUNIAOLesser Goldenback

HUANGJIAOLVJIUYellow-footed Green Pigeon

HEITOUHUANGLIBlack-hooded Oriole

YINDUQUIndian-Robin

YINDUHUIXINIAOIndian-Grey-Hornbill

HUACAIZHEGUPainted-Francolin

ZHANGWEIFENGYEYINGCommon-Tailorbird

Bay-backed-ShrikeHEBEIBOLAO

HEICHIQUEBEICommon-Iora

FENGTOUBAILINGCrested-Lark

ZUIHOU,YIYIZUYINDUGUONIAO—LANKONGQUEZUOWEIJIEWEI,2019NIAN3YUEDEDIYICIYINDUSHENGTAILVXING,RANGWODUIZHEIGEGUOJIAYOULEQUANXINDERENSHI。WEILAI,JIHUAZHUIXUNGENGDUOYESHENGDONGWUDEZUJI,JIXUTANFANGZHEIGEBUKESIYIDEGUODU。

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